Carolyn Dayton, PhD, LP, LMSW, IMH-E®(IV) conducts research focused on early parenting processes with an emphasis on fathering in urban settings. She is engaged in policy initiatives aimed at revising state and local policies that disproportionately and negatively affect poor, urban fathers. As an Infant Mental Health Specialist, Dayton has over two decades of experience providing clinical interventions to the families of infants and young children in a wide range of settings including home-based, center-based and hospital programs. Dayton's program of research is fundamentally translational and transdisciplinary; it is informed by her clinical work with families and aims to identify biological and psychosocial risk and resilience factors that influence parenting processes and early child development.
Dayton holds a joint appointment at the Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child and Family Development where she serves as the Associate Director of the Infant Mental Health Program. She is a licensed practitioner of clinical social work and clinical psychology and is endorsed as an infant mental health mentor (Level IV; MI-AIMH) in the areas of clinical practice and research.
Dayton serves as the Associate Director of the Infant Mental Health Program housed in the Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child and Family Development.
Degrees and Certifications
- PhD, Clinical Psychology, Michigan State University
- Graduate Certificate in Infant Mental Health, University of Michigan
- MSW, University of Michigan
- BA, Kalamazoo College
- Licensed Clinical Psychologist (Michigan)
- Licensed Clinical Social Worker (Michigan)
- Infant Mental Health Mentor (MI-AIMH) - Clinical & Research, IMH-E®(IV)
- Infant Mental Health Practice
- Psychodynamic Theory and Practice
- Interpersonal Practice with Children and Families
- Transdisciplinary Research and Practice in the Social and Biological Sciences
Areas of Expertise
- Infant Mental Health
- Fathering in Urban Environments
- Parenting in Contexts of Risk
- Emotion Regulation Processes in Parenting and Early Child Development
- Biological and Psychosocial Processes in Early Parenting
- Fathering Influences on Early Child Development
- Longitudinal Developmental Research
- Bio-behavioral Data Collection and Coding
- Quantitative Data Analysis
- Qualitative Data Analysis
- Typological Narrative Coding
- Secondary Data Analysis
Dayton, C. J., Malone, J. C., & Brown, S. (in press). Pathways to parenting: The emotional journeys of fathers as they prepare to parent a new infant. In H. E. Fitzgerald, K. vonKlitzing, N. Cabrera, T. Skjothaug and J. S. de Medonca (Eds.), Handbook of Fathers: Prenatal to PreK. New York: Springer Press.
Dayton, C.J., Barron, C. C., Stacks, A. M., & Malone, J. (2020). Infant Mental Health: Clinical Practice with Very Young Children and their Families. In J. Brandell, Theory and Practice in Clinical Social Work (Ed.). San Diego, CA: Cognella.
Dayton, C. J., Johnson, A., Hicks, L., Goletz, J. Brown, S. Primuse, T. Green, K., Nordin, M., Welch, R., & Muzik, M. (2019). Sex differences in the social ecology of breastfeeding: A mixed methods analysis of breastfeeding views of expectant mothers and fathers. Journal of Biosocial Science.
Dayton, C. J., Brown, S., Goletz, J., Hicks, L., Barron, C., & Smith-Darden, J. (2019). Pathways to parenting: Predictors of prenatal bonding in a sample of expectant mothers and fathers exposed to environmental risk. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(4), 1134-1144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01343-6
Hicks, L. M., Dayton, C. J. (2018). Depressive and trauma symptoms in risk-exposed, expectant mothers and fathers: Is mindfulness a buffer? Journal of Affective Disorders, 238, 179-186. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.05.044
Dayton, C. J., Matthews, W. K., Hicks, L., & Malone, J. (2017). The expression of music throughout the lives of expectant parents. Psychology of Music, 45(6), 839-854. doi: 0305735617692165
Swain, J. E., Ho, S., Rosenblum, K. L., Morelen, D., Dayton, C. J. & Muzik, M. (2017). Parent-child intervention decreases stress and increases maternal brain responses and connectivity in response to own baby-cry: An exploratory study. Development and Psychopathology, 29, 535-553. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579417000165
Bocknek, E. L., Dayton, C. J., Brophy-Herb, H. Raveau, H., & Fitzgerald, H. (2017). Routine active playtime with fathers is associated with toddlers’ emotion regulation competencies. Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 63(1).
Dayton, C. J., & Malone, J. (2017). The development and socialization of physical aggression in very young boys. Infant Mental Health Journal, 38(1),150-165. doi: 10.1002/imhj.21622.
Dayton, C. J., Buczkowski, R. S., Muzik, M., Goletz, J., Hicks, L., Walsh, T., & Bocknek, E. L. (2016). Expectant fathers’ beliefs and expectations about fathering as they prepare to parent a new infant. Social Work Research: Special Issue on Social Work with Men and Fathers, 40(4), 225-236. doi: 10.1093/swr/svw017.
Dayton, C. J., Huth-Bocks, A., & Busuito, A. (2016). The influence of interpersonal aggression on maternal perceptions of infant emotions: Associations with early parenting quality. Emotion, 16(4), 436-448. doi: 10.1037/emo0000114.
Singing to Babies in Motown!: The Detroit Lullaby Study
Principal Investigators: Carolyn Dayton, PhD, LP, LMSW, IMH-E® (IV) and Wendy Matthews, PhD
Co-Investigator: Valerie Simon, PhD
The history of Detroit includes a rich musical culture that remains a meaningful influence in the lives of the people of Detroit today. This study aims to tap this cultural strength with the ultimate goal of employing music to support vulnerable Detroit families who are struggling to raise infants and young children in communities affected by violence and poverty. Using an innovative, laboratory-based Lullaby Protocol, this study will examine the influence of parental singing to their infants on the physiological responses of both parents and infants.
Baby on Board!: The WSU Early Parenting Study
Principal Investigator: Carolyn Dayton, PhD, LP, LMSW, IMH-E® (IV)
Co-Investigator: Suzanne Brown, PhD, LMSW
Collaborators: Wendy Matthews, PhD, Joanne Smith-Darden, PhD, Tam Perry, PhD
This study examines the influence of key psychological, social and biological factors on the development of parenting thoughts, feelings and behaviors beginning during pregnancy and across the first months of postnatal development in a sample of urban dwelling mothers and fathers. The central aim of the study is to understand the underlying processes that parents experience as they prepare to parent a new baby. Data gathered from this study is contributing to our understanding of these prenatal psychological processes – especially for fathers – with the explicit aim of improving intervention and support services to fathers who are struggling to parent in the face of psychosocial and contextual adversity. Importantly, we are examining protective factors, in addition to risk factors, that may bolster the ability of fathers to care for their partner and child during pregnancy and early infancy.
5447 Woodward Avenue, Room 055, Detroit, MI 48202
- SW 6991 Introduction to Infant Mental Health
- SW 7010 Infant Mental Health Practice
- SW 8115 Application of DSM Assessment System in Social Work Practice
- SW 8883 Infant Mental Health Seminar I
- SW 8884 Infant Mental Health Seminar II
Grand Challenges Project
Helping Violence-Exposed Parents Cope
With $50,000 from Wayne State’s Division of Research, Dayton and Assistant Professor of Music Education Wendy Matthews have launched a two-year study called “Singing to Babies in Motown: the Detroit Lullaby Study.” For the project, Dayton and Matthews are studying dozens of mothers and fathers with histories of poverty, trauma, depression and other stress as they sing to their babies, observing the parents’ behavioral responses and measuring the physiological responses (e.g., heart rate, breathing rate, skin conductance) of the parents and their babies. Lullabies may be an easy, effective and affordable coping strategy for parents experiencing interpersonal or community violence and If singing proves to be effective, it could be a candidate for a high-impact public service campaign. Learn more